Accusative endings for Nouns & Adjectives ?

Discuss Czech grammar and get help with pronunciation. For a start, visit <a href=http://www.locallingo.com/czech/grammar/index.html target="_blank">locallingo.com/czech/grammar</a> and <a href=http://www.locallingo.com/czech/pronunciation/index.html target="_blank">locallingo.com/czech/pronunciation</a>.

Moderators: Sova, gementricxs, Local Lingo

nam
Member
Posts: 20
Joined: 29-Aug-07 22:56

Accusative endings for Nouns & Adjectives ?

Postby nam » 12-Nov-07 18:29

Hello,

Can anyone help me with this ? , What is the best way to remember these ?

Also i would like help or a example of how can i describe a person by using these endings ?

Many Thanks
:)
Eleshar
Senior Member
Posts: 498
Joined: 27-Feb-07 18:26
Location: Praha, střed civilisovaného vesmíru

Postby Eleshar » 18-Nov-07 14:54

Intricate task:

Accusative can assume double endings in masculine depending on the fact whether the inflected word is animate or inanimate. The animate ones assume the form which is identical with that of the genitive case, the others assume a form identical with that of nominative case:

nom.: velký člověk (animate) x velký hrad (inanimate)
acc.: velkého člověka x velký hrad

in feminine, there is no distinction of animateness

nom.: velká žena + velká židle
acc.: velkou ženu + velkou židli

in neuter, the ending of accusative is always the same as that of nominative because neuters are inherently inanimate

For the second class of adjectives:
masculine (excuse the nonsensual usage of the adjectives):

nom.: jarní člověk (animate) x jarní den (inanimate)
acc.: jarního člověka x jarní den

feminines:

nom.: jarní žena + jarní židle
acc.: jarní ženu + jarní židli

for neuters, it is always the same
Non e merda flagrum texueris, etsi tamen, non castigabis autem

Kyamón apechú

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests