History of Prague through the Centuries
- The Prague Castle is founded
around 880 by prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid dynasty.
- Some members of the Premyslid dynasty embrace Christianity
brought to the Czech lands
- and Methodius, the "apostles
of the Slavs".
- Foundations are laid to St. Vitus Rotunda and the Vyšehrad
The Prague bishopric is founded in
- Vratislav II becomes the
first Czech king in 1085 but remains subordinate
to the Holy Roman Empire
the German king.
- The first stone bridge over the Vltava, Judith Bridge,
is built in
- The Old Town (Staré město) is founded in 1231.
- The Lesser Town (Malá Strana) is founded in 1257.
14th century -
Prague's Golden Age
- John of Luxembourg rules the country (1310-1346).
- The Prague Castle Area (Hradčany) is founded
- The Old Town Hall is founded in 1338.
- Judith Bridge collapses in a flood in 1342.
- Charles IV rules the country (1346-1378) and will be
remembered as the
most beloved Czech king.
becomes one of the most prosperous cities in Europe and the cultural capital
- The Prague bishopric is upgraded to an archbishopric.
- Construction of St. Vitus cathedral begins.
The New Town (Nové město) is founded in 1348.
- Charles University is established in 1348 and becomes the first university
- Charles IV elected Holy Roman Emperor in 1355; Prague becomes the capital
of the Holy Roman
- Construction of Charles Bridge begins in 1357.
- The Hussite wars are sweeping
the country from 1419 to 1437 as a result of the
the Hussites and the Roman Catholic Church. Many
historical artifacts are destroyed and
- the Prague Castle
16th century and
Prague's Second Golden Age
- The reign of the Habsburg dynasty begins in 1526 and
the seat of power moves to
Prague Castle is reconstructed
in the Renaissance style and a number of recreational
sites are added
Royal Garden, the Belvedere, the Ballgame Hall,
- Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, is crowned the Czech
king in 1575 and moves his
court back to
in 1583. Prague becomes the center of science and alchemy
and earns the nickname "Magic
Many famous scientists
to Prague, such as astronomers Tycho de Brahe and
- The Protestant uprising begins in 1618.
- Protestants are severely defeated in the Battle of the
White Mountain (bitva na Bílé
hoře) in 1620.
- The Dark Age of the Czech history (doba
Prague loses importance and the Prague Castle deteriorates.
- The four independent urban areas of Prague (Old Town,
Malá Strana, Hradčany,
New Town) are
- united by Joseph II in 1784.
A Czech nationalist movement called the National Revival
(národní obrození) begins
Czech language, culture and national identity are being
brought back to life.
Joseph II issues the Edict of Tolerance in
1781, granting political and religious rights
- The Industrial Revolution begins.
A railway between
Vienna and Prague opens in 1845.
- The growing
industry results in an increase of Prague's Czech population
as people move to the city
- from the countryside.
- Josefov is added to Prague's historical center in 1850.
National Revival continues. Czech institutions are established
to celebrate the
- and culture:
the National Theater opens in 1868, the National
Museum opens in 1890.
- The Austro-Hungarian empire falls in 1918 and
Prague becomes the capital of
- Prague Castle becomes the seat of the first president
of Czechoslovakia, Tomáš
- Prague becomes close with Paris
between WWI and WWII.
- Prague and the rest of the country are occupied by Nazi Germany during World
War II (1939-1945).
- The Prague Uprising and liberation by the Soviet Red Army end World War II
- The Communist Party seizes power after the February 25, 1948
- Alexander Dubček,
secretary of the Communist Party, attempts to create "socialism
with a human
- face", culminating
in the spring of 1968 ("Prague Spring").
- "Prague Spring" fails and five Warsaw Pact member
countries invade Czechoslovakia
on August 21,
- The Velvet Revolution starts in Prague on November 17, 1989 and
brings an end to communism.
- Czechoslovakia becomes a
- Václav Havel, former dissident, is elected president in the
country's first democratic
- in January 1990.
- Czechoslovakia splits into two independent countries, Czech Republic
on January 1,
- 1993. Prague becomes
the capital of the Czech Republic.
- Václav Havel is elected
Republic in January 1993.
- The Czech Republic joins NATO in 1999.
- In 2002, the Czech Republic is approved to become a member of
the European Union.
- The Czech Republic is accepted into the European Union
on May 1, 2004.
II and Prague: The Court and the City
School of Prague: Painting at the Court of Rudolf II
Prague Spring and its Aftermath : Czechoslovak Politics, 1968-1970
A Cultural and Literary History (Cities of the Imagination)