Demonstrative pronoun help

Discussion in 'Grammar & Pronunciation' started by Calvario, Nov 25, 2006.

  1. Calvario

    Calvario Well-Known Member

    I'm trying to figure out this exercise sentence from the Bohemica site.

    Tahle kniha to není,tak to musí být TAMTA druhá.

    I think it means: This isn't the book so it must be the other.(the other kind)

    Not sure about druhá is it declined from DRUH masculine noun or DRUHÝ an adjective.

    I'm not sure if TAMTA is the correct demonstrative pronoun.

    Thanks,
    Calvario
     
  2. Wicker808

    Wicker808 Well-Known Member

    Calvario,

    Yes, you've understood the meaning of the sentence.

    In this sentence "druhá" is a feminine singular nominative adjective, meaning "the other/second (book)." It isn't related to the word "druh," which can mean "kind" or "type."

    "Tamta" is a correct choice, although "ta" could have been used as well.
     
  3. MK

    MK Well-Known Member

    My 2 cents

    Tam = there
    ta = the/that

    so: tamta kniha = the(that) book there

    tato kniha = this book (or the book)
     
  4. Calvario

    Calvario Well-Known Member

    Good point. 2 cents not bad for a nights work. hahah.

    Anyways. What is the difference between tenhle and tento. I've read that tento is more formal than tenhle. Which is more commonly used? Why? Preference maybe. Who knows, I don't, do you?

    Thanks,
    Calvario
     
  5. MK

    MK Well-Known Member

    I wrote it at 07:40 therefore still in deep night. :)

    Generally - both have the same meaning, tento is considered to be more formal. In "obecná čeština" (generally used Czech) tenhle/tahle/tohle are used more often, tento/tato/toto are used when you wish to be very specific.

    Q:Která kniha?
    A: Tahle kniha. (This book)
    A: Tato kniha. ( ~ Exactly this book)

    but the difference in meanig is only slight.
     

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