I'd like to direct a message to Pan Scrimshaw if I may. As a one year novice of the czech language (and self taught), your advice might be very valuable. You seem to know Czech very well. As your on-line moniker bespeaks more of a sea-faring heritage or interest than anything resembling Czech, I was wondering if you are an original english speaker. Perhaps I'm wrong and you grew up on the shores of that well known Bohemian southern coastline (are the hula skirts still the dress of choice?) but to be serious your learning is quite impressive. My question to you is this: I can learn the framework of this language and much vocabulary but it seems to be a giant leap to understand the spoken word. Where have you learned all of this? It seems to be one thing to learn the nominitive case of a word (the dictionary version) but then recognize that same word in any other case, particularly when spoken. I have taken on a tutor (found through this website, in fact) but am having the most difficult time understanding even the most simple of sentences he speaks, mostly because I cannot recognize a word that has changed because of case. Do you know of any exercises by which one learns to recognize the nominitive version of a word from its presented case (cases 2-7) either written or spoken? I'm sorry to ramble on; it is even difficult to present the question. Any insight you or others may have would be appreciated.