Aspect: A Novel

Discussion in 'Grammar & Pronunciation' started by Wicker808, Feb 3, 2005.

  1. Wicker808

    Wicker808 Well-Known Member

    Hello rsalc1,

    půjdu (půjdeš, etc...) is not perfective. They are irregular imperfective future forms of jít. In other words, you use them where you would use "budu jít," but of course "budu jít" is wrong. Many monosyllabic durative verbs of motion have similar irregular futures, like jet, nést, téct, vést, and vézt. Note that these irregular imperfective forms are not derived from a regular infinitive; that is, there is no infinitive form "půjít."

    As Jana mentioned, "zajít" has many secondary meanings. However, its "main" meaning is the perfective form of jít. You use it where you would use any perfective verb: to show a completed action. Most of the time, though, the imperfective form is adequate. The perfective form is only necessary if you want to emphasize the completion.

    Šel jsem za lékařem, když jsem našel dokonalý kaštan.
    I was going to the doctor...

    Zašel jsem za lékařem a poradil mi, abych jedl zdravějí.
    I went to the doctor...

    I hope this helps you.
  2. rsalc1

    rsalc1 Well-Known Member


    Díky za odpověď

  3. rsalc1

    rsalc1 Well-Known Member


    Díky za vysvětlení!

    Okay, thanks for pointing that out.

    In other words,
    Šel jsem za lékařem, když .. = I was going to the doctor, when...
    Půjdu do kina = I will be going to the movies

    but these could also be used as follows?
    Včera jsem šel za lékařem = Yesterday I went to the doctor (completed)
    Půjdu do kina zítra = I will go to the movies tomorrow (completed action)

    Or will I have to use zajít for the last 2 examples?

    Thanks again!
  4. Wicker808

    Wicker808 Well-Known Member

    I think that the examples that you indicated are entirely correct.

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